The erstwhile Department of Biotechnology, Government of West Bengal was created in July 2006, became operational in 2007-2008 and was followed by establishment of the West Bengal Biotech Development Corporation Ltd. (WBBDCL) in 2009. In the year 2017, Department of Biotechnology merged with two other Departments: Department of Higher Education and Department of Science & Technology and came under a single umbrella of Dept. of Higher Education, Science & Technology and Biotechnology (DHESTBT, GoWB). In 2018, Science & Technology and Biotechnology separated from DHESTBT and formed the Department of Science & Technology and Biotechnology (DSTBT, GoWB).
As biotechnology is a frontline area of science, this branch aims to amalgamate science, biotechnology and entrepreneurship for the immediate and long term benefit of the society. With such vision, the Biotechnology Branch of DSTBT has taken up various activities in West Bengal covering mainly, (a) Scientific Research and Development in the State, (b) Promotion of Biotechnology& Capacity Building and (c) Rural Biotechnology. WBBDCL has also been active in order to achieve the departmental objectives in a befitting manner.